Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation, and use of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.Throughout history, it has been frequently assumed that robots will one day be able to mimic human behavior and manage tasks in a human-like fashion.
Mechatronics is combination or junction of Electrical, Mechanical, and Computer Science Engineering. Mechatronics is the closest to robotics with the slight and main difference in mechatronics systems inputs are provided whereas in robotics systems it acquires the inputs by their own.
Mechatronics involves a synergistic combination of mechanical engineering, electronics and measurement and control in the design of products and processes. It focuses on Mechatronic Design, which can be defined as follows: the integrated and optimal design of a mechanical system and its embedded control system. By means of an integrated design of the mechanical parts and the measurement and control system, realized in electronic circuits or as an embedded computer program, mechanical constructions can achieve superior performance and become cheaper and more flexible. Well-known examples of some years ago are the audio CD player and its successors the CD-ROM and DVD. Nowadays, automotive applications, (mobile and flying) robots, advanced production machines, systems for telemanipulation, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) are examples of mechatronic systems.
A robot is a good example of a mechatronic system. Most robots integrate software, electronics, and mechanical designs in a synergistic manner (meaning that the separate parts act together in such a way that the combined effect is stronger than the sum of the separate effects of each one of the components). Other examples of mechatronics are the digital thermostat and the anti-lock brake system. Both were originally designed as mechanical systems and have been improved later by their integration with electronic controls and digital computing elements.
Robotics is considered a subset of mechatronics, since almost all robots are mechatronic but not all mechatronic systems are robots.
Robotics is a very broad term, we must go through different application to understand it better.
Medical Robots - which mimic the movement of the surgeon.
Military Robots - Drones that are Unmanned used for surveillance to the various around the world. Robots used to defuse bombs, survey the package, sentry guns which work with the help of sensors track targets the military is developing huge in robotics
Automation and Manufacturing - Cars, Dishwashers, computers and many which can assemble, drill, paint and build things with extreme precision. The robots do the same movement over and over and even keep the precision which is not possible for a human. There are household robots that can automatically vacuum your floor, Agricultural robots that use for harvesting,
- Nanomanipulation and nano manufacturing
- Smart materials and structures
- Structural health monitoring
- Haptic interface and robotics
- Production and application of nanostructured materials
- Kinematics and synthesis of mechanisms
- Human-robot interactions
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